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COFFEE…

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Tea is the everyday beverage…coffee is for guests and an after dinner digestive 

Imported from the Yemen  during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent, the first  coffee house was   opened in Istanbul in 1554. Since alcohol was off-limits to most practicing Muslims, coffee-houses provided a great alternative to gather, socialise and share ideas.

Within a few decades there were hundreds of coffee houses in Istanbul alone…and the caffeinated men were out all night!

By the beginning of 17th century coffee was also the rage in Europe.

Pope Clement 7th when asked to forbid the drink is said to have remarked:

“But why! this Satan's drink is so delicious that it would be a pity to let the Infidels have exclusive use of it.

A few years later Sultan Murat 4th  considering coffee a drug, issued an edict  forbidding  both coffee and tobacco on pain of imprisonment and death!  He was known to walk round  Istanbul by night in disguise gleefully  punishing the offenders. However Murat died at 28…..  and coffee remained popular!

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HOW TO MAKE TURKISH COFFEE

Turkish coffee is  made over the stove in a small pot called a ‘cezve’ and drunk from a ‘fincan’. It is is a national drink for Turks,Armenians, Georgians,Greeks….. plus the whole of the Arabian peninsular….(visiting Greece one should not ask for a ‘Turkish Coffee’)

 

What you need

      Raw coffee beans

      Terracotta roasting pot.

      Brass grinder

      Cezve

      Sugar

      Small coffee cups

The beans are roasted  in the terracotta pot with a minute amount of butter stirring with a wooden spoon…the slower and longer the roast the the stronger the taste and the lesser  the caffeine content.. …the room is filled with the aroma of roasting beans.

Grind the beans

Measure water  per cup into the Cezve and add  a  heaped Turkish teaspoon of coffee  for each cup.

Over a low flame heat the Cezve,  without allowing the contents to boil. When near boiling  a small amount of the froth is poured into each cup, replaced over the flame until the coffee rises again, and shared out between the cups.

Some like it sweet? As sugar is added prior to making the  coffee, for those who like a medium amount of sugar  or very sweet the coffee is made separately.

Telling one’s fortune by reading the Coffee Cup is know as tasseomancy’(cup divination )…a very popular pastime  especially among women!

Having finished your coffee, there is always  someone who can be persuaded to give you a reading. Hold the cup in your left hand and swirl the grinds round three times in a clockwise direction, then cover the cup with its saucer and invert. The  fortune-teller waits till  there is no heat left on the base of the cup, then examines it turning it round clockwise.  Liquid and  grinds have run down the inside of the cup to form shapes, patterns, clusters, dots, lines and even elongated figures. According to interpretation  these will represent events, situations , emotions, relationships, career, wealth etc .

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A personal interpretation of the cup is mixed  with cultural symbolism.

The teller reads the future with a timeline of threes….. a large cluster on the rim of the cup opposite the handle  means that  you will receive a financial windfall which will… in three days….three months….three years ….even three hours?

The  base of the cup figuration explains family life…..

the lines up the sides of the cup designates  movement and journeys.… long or short,  eventful or simple, now or later …. according to  the  configuration.

It may be just a bit of fun but is generally taken seriously.

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Choosing a Bride and Coffee!

Up till the arrival of the mobile most girls’ futures relied on an arranged marriage. This could be to a close relative or  depend upon a go-between who matched  a boy with a suitable family.

The two families in agreement for a ‘viewing’ a date is arranged  for a visit!

The prospective groom and his extended  family arrive in their best carrying presents. They are seated in the front room while the  bride-to-be hovers out of sight in the kitchen sussing out her intended. After small talk the parents ask how the visitors would like their coffee…with or without sugar etc. If the young girl  does not like the look of the intended she will put salt in the coffee she offers him. This gives a him private  message so that  without loosing face he can tell his parents that he does not really fancy her.  Otherwise she will make all  the coffees as frothy as possible, and wonder how much golden jewellery the boys family will give her….ten thick bracelets and a gold chain?

Other uses for coffee grounds:

…..burn to frighten away wasps, mosquitoes, rodents, foxes

…..place in refrigerator to  mask odours

…..place the grounds  on a small wound, it heals faster.

… .place it on a hurting tooth, the ache stops immediately 

…. place in flower pot, it acts as a fertiliser.

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